Biography of Claude Monet.

  • Birth Date : 1840-11-14
  • Death Date : 1926-11-05
  • Birth Place: Paris, France
  • Death Place: Giverny, France
  • Occupation : Painter
  • Gender : Male

Claude Monet

French impressionist painter.

Claude Monet was born on November 14, 1840 in Paris, France to Adolphe and Louise-Justine Monet. When his father's business, which was a grocery store, broke down; his family moved to La Havre when he was 5 years old. he started secondary school in 1851. It was only at that time that he began to sell his cartoons for 10-12 francs.

Claude Monet met the painter Eugene Boudin after he began to take his first painting classes. From him he learned to use oil painting and the technique of painting in open environments.

At the age of 16, when her mother died, she left school and started staying with her aunt Madame Lecadre. in 1859, he went to Paris to study painting. He learned a lot by spending his days at painting exhibitions and workshops. Not attending the Official Academy Courses, he occasionally went to Charles Jacque's workshop and the free Swiss Academy to further his studies on his own account. He met Pissarro at the Swiss Academy. Acquaintance with the works of Eugene Delacroix and discussions at the pastry shop "Martyrs" enriched the cultural knowledge and artistic experience of the young artist more than any school education.he was drafted into the army in the fall of 1860 and joined the army on a seven-year contract, he began doing his military service in Algeria. But his aunt took him out of the army by terminating his contract in his second year. In return, he stipulated that he study art at the university. he returned to Le Havre in early 1862. He stayed in Normandy for a while. He made landscapes of Normandy along the sea coasts and in rural areas.

In 1862, while he was a student of Charles Gleyre in Paris, his traditional understanding of painting at the university caused disappointment in Monet. It was during this period that she met Pierre Auguste Renoir, Frederic Bazille and Alfred Sisley. Together they shared their new approach to painting, transferring the effect created by light outdoors to painting with fragmented colors and serial brush strokes. This was later called impressionism.

in 1863, she met the painter Edouard Manet at an exhibition. he gained great success with the figures of Camille Doncieux, who would later become his wife, which he exhibited at the annual Official Painting Exhibition in 1866. After a few years, he stopped drawing human paintings, and his talent developed in landscape painting.

from dec870 to 1871, during the Franco-Prussian War, Claude Monet lived in England. when he returned to France after the war ended in May 1871, he went to the city of La Havre, where his childhood passed, and the impression was: Sunrise. He made the painting (Impression, soleil levant). This painting is now in the Musée Marmottan-Monet in Paris.

In 1873, he settled in the village of Argenteuil, near Paris and on the banks of the Seine River in 1873, where he made some of his most recognizable works while living for 6 years. But they suffered a lot of poverty. in 1876, he made decorative panels for his house on the orders of the collector and businessman Ernest Hoschedé. Claude Monet, together with his wife, began to live in their house. Ernest Hoschedé, who spent most of his time in Paris, went bankrupt in 1877 and fled to Belgium in 1878. September March 17, 1878, after his wife Camille died of tuberculosis on September 5, 1879, Claude Monet moved to live in Vétheuil with his two children and Ernest Hoschedé's wife Alice, who fled to Belgium, and his 6 children with his wife, Michael, who was born here on March 17, 1878. After Ernest Hoschedé died in 1891, they were married only in July 1892.

They moved to Poissy in 1881, to Vernon in 1883, and finally in May 1883, 80 km from Paris. they moved to Giverny, which is in the distance. Claude Monet spent the rest of his life painting here in the garden. From here he often went south alone or with Pierre Auguste Renoir. He painted on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. Painting enthusiasts and sellers have become interested in this understanding of painting, which has long been considered revolutionary. in 1888, he painted many landscapes in Antibes and began the same series of motifs observed at different times of the day. He painted the facade of the Rouen Cathedral forty times under various lights (1892). He barely fixed his budget and was able to buy the house where he lived in Giverny in 1890.

In order not to suffer from poverty again, he began to make efforts to create his most beautiful works. Between 1883 and 1908, he decamped to the Mediterranean and made many nature paintings. Claude Monet built him a workshop with a size of 276 square meters in 1915, where he carried out large-scale lake decapitations between 1916 and 1926.

In 1923, he had cataract surgery twice.

Claude Monet died in Giverny, France, of lung cancer on December 5, 1926, at the age of 86.

His painting London, the Parliament, Effects of Sun in the Fog, which he made in 1904, found a buyer for $ 20.1 Million in 2004.

The largest collection of Monet's paintings is in the Louvre's Impressionists Museum. The Series of Water Lilies of the Valley (1915-1924), consisting of 8 murals, is in the Orangerie of the Tuileries. Monet's works are among the most valuable treasures of major museums dec the world, such as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the British Museum, the National Gallery, the Louvre Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

Marriages :
1.his wife: he married the model Camille Doncieux, whom he met in 1866, in 1870. On September 5, 1879, his wife died of tuberculosis. Jean Monnet (born1867- d.1914) and Michel Monet (b.1878- d.1966), with whom he had two sons.
2.his wife: He married Alice Hoschedé in July 1911, his wife died.