Biography of Edouard Manet.

  • Birth Date : 1832-01-23
  • Death Date : 1883-04-30
  • Birth Place: Paris, France
  • Death Place: Paris, France
  • Occupation : Painter
  • Gender : Male

Edouard Manet

He is one of the first painters who started making paintings on the subject of modern life in the XVII century. He played an important role in the transition from the current of realism to impressionism.

The Frenchman Edouard Manet is a famous painter who transfers what he sees around him to his canvas with an innovative understanding.

Edouard Manet was born on January 23, 1832 in Paris. His father, Auguste Manet, a rich and famous lawyer, was a French judge, his mother, Eugénie-Desirée Fournier, was the granddaughter of Prince Charles Bernadotte of Sweden. He had a comfortable and happy childhood in this wealth.

at the age of 12, he entered Rollin College. It was here that he met Antonine Proust, with whom he was friends all his life. At a young age, he became interested in painting and began to visit museums and exhibitions. His fondness for art was met with backlash from his father. Father Manet told his son to choose one of two professions: he wanted him to become either a jurist or a naval officer.

After completing his high school education, he wanted to enter the academy of fine arts, but at the behest of his parents, he was asked to enter the maritime school. For the first time, she did not win the entrance exams. After failing at the latter, he jumped on a freighter and went to Brazil in 1848. He stayed in Rio de Janeiro for three months.

When he returned to France, he had brought notebooks full of paintings and sketches from this beautiful country. Young Manet had done all this with the inspiration of the natural beauties he encountered there. Realizing that the insistence was in vain, his father gave Edouard Manet to the workshop of Thomas Couture, one of the favorite painters of that time, in 1850. Young Manet worked in this workshop for 6 years.

However, he was not satisfied with what his teacher gave. He also took painting lessons from others and studied the works of old masters and Venetian painters, especially by going to the Louvre Museum. He both increased his knowledge of composition and advanced his technique. The main source of inspiration for Manet was nature itself (and not, as was customary at that time, to close up in the workshop and make large paintings on the subjects of mythology and religion).

He made two trips to Italy in 1853 and 1856. He also traveled to the Netherlands, Germany and Austria. after leaving the workshop of Thomas Couture in 1856, Manet's real artistic life began after that. Especially during his friendship with Claude Monet, he also began to paint every exhibition that he opened or participated in between 1856 and 1867, it seemed that he was improving compared to the previous exhibition, dec in his art. in 1865, he went to Spain, where he studied, in particular, Francisco Goya. in 1863, he put his painting "Lunch in the Countryside", which was not accepted into the official exhibition, in the "Exhibition of the Rejected". He was put on trial for this painting, critics and spectators who thought that he understood the art of painting called this painting a "disgrace"; they found it "immoral". In the picture, the fact that a woman was sitting naked next to two dressed men did not correspond to the moral understanding of the time.

Continuing his studies independently, without joining any current or group, Manet inspired painters such as Claude Monet, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, who were later called impressionists.

Olympia is an 1863 painting by the French painter Édouard Manet.

Titian's painting ”The Venus of Urbino“ was inspired by Edouard Manet's painting ”Olympia". The work is on display at the Orsay Museum.

His painting "Olympia", which he exhibited in 1865, caused even greater noise. However, Manet became even more influential on young painters. The artists who would later establish impressionism (impressionism) accepted Manet's works as their "foundation" and "point of movement". Manet, who took a "reactionary" attitude to the understanding of society and the traditions of painting, freed the painting from frozen patterns, opposed the rules that were otherwise unthinkable until then. But, at no time, he disagreed with the principles of impressionists and neo-impressionists, such as analyzing light, analyzing color and dividing it into its elements, leaving the composition to the eye.

In 1870, he participated in the Franco-German War. In the civil war that followed, he retreated to Syria, away from Paris with his family.

He was able to marry a pianist named Suzanna Leenhof, with whom he lived together for many years, only after the death of his father. He lived a constant love life with such beauties as the model Victorine Meurend and the painter woman Berthe Morisot.

He received a gold medal at the 1881 "Exposition" and the Order of the Légion d'honneur in 1882. Some of Manet's beautiful paintings are exhibited in the Louvre, as well as in major museums and galleries in Europe and the United States, as well as in the National Gallery in London in the UK.

Edouard Manet married the pianist Suzanne Leenhoff in 1863. They had been together for 10 years before getting married. they had one child out of wedlock in 1852, whom they named Leon Koella Leenhoff.

Edouard Manet, who was cut off after an accident when his left foot became gangrene, died in Paris on April 30, 1883 at the age of 51 due to syphilis and rheumatism.

One of his masterpieces, Lunch in the Countryside and Olympia, inspired young painters from him.

Known works: luncheon on the grass (1863 Paris, Louvre), Olympia (1865 Paris,Orsay Museum), the boy who stole the flute (1866; Paris, Louvre), the execution of Emperor Maximilian of Mexico (1867; Mannheim, Kunsthlle), Workshop Dinner (1868, Munich, New Pinakothek), floating in the workshop painting Manet (1874), Nana (1877; Hamburg, Kunsthalle), a bar Folies Bergère (1882; London, Courtaud Institute).