Biography of Frida Kahlo.

  • Birth Date : 1907-07-06
  • Death Date : 1954-07-13
  • Birth Place: Coyoacan, Mexico
  • Death Place: Mexico
  • Occupation : Painter
  • Gender : Female

Frida Kahlo

Mexican painter. Her real name is Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Calderón. Although his paintings are associated with the surrealist movement, they reflect a sharp and painful reality. He had a stormy life, his illness attracted attention with his contributions to the art of painting, his relationships and his talent. "We don't know how to draw human faces like him," Pablo Picasso said, and 50 of the artist's 70 works were purchased by Madonna, who is known for her admiration of the painter. The life of Frida, known for her self-portraits, directed by Julie Taymor and she came to life on the tue screen with the 2002 film Frida, in which Salma Hayek played the artist. Kahlo is one of the rare artists who became famous while living, many of her paintings sold out.

On July 6, 1907, in Coyoacan, Mexico, the Hungarian Jewish photographer Wilhelm Kahlo and a Native AmericanShe was born the third of four daughters of Matilde Calderon Gonzales. July 7, 1910, the day of the Mexican Revolution, Kahlo would declare her birthday as July 6, 1907, and not as July 7, 1910, in the following years. Because he wanted his life to begin with the birth of modern Mexico. He was called "Blue House" because the outer walls of their house, where he and his family lived in the Coyoacan area, were painted with cobalt blue. Shortly after Frida's birth, her mother fell ill and became unable to give her daughter milk. During this period, an Indian nurse was found to nurse Frida. They thought that this would not affect Kahlo, but Frida would show her mother in one of her paintings years later, as a mythical embodiment of the Mexican side. Kahlo, who described her mother as very kind, intelligent, but also cruel, calculating, and fanatically religious, had always had good relations with her father. What she wrote in her diary about her father was that Mr. Kahlo was an excellent symbol of compassion and hard work, Frida approached all her problems with understanding. Kahlo, who had polio at the age of 6, had one leg thinner than the other for this reason. Due to poliomyelitis affecting the nerves, patients were dying due to difficulty breathing. Frida, on the other hand, was saved by the thinning of her right leg. That's why Kahlo, who always wears long skirts, was quite resentful that she was called "Frida with a Wooden Leg".

Although he had three sisters, Kahlo had grown up like a boy and made friends with more boys during her school years. Kahlo, a successful student, was affected by polio, which she had suffered for many years, and so she decided to study medicine. It was the first time in the school's history that he was admitted to the Medical Education department of the National Preparatory School in Mexico City. Because she had previously been one of the first female students admitted to the preparatory class of the school, where only male students were accepted and was a symbol of prestige in Mexico. At the National Preparatory School, Frida's vision expanded, she had the opportunity to develop herself in such areas as art, literature, philosophy. Alejandro Gomez Arias, Jose Gomez Robleda and Alfonso Villa, who will be called important names of Mexico in the future, were Frida's school friends. The whole life of Frida, who was included in an anarchist literary group, would be changed by a car accident that she would spend. It was a rather ordinary day for Frida, who returned from school by bus with her boyfriend Alejandro Gomez Arias on September 17, 1925. However, the bus they were riding on collided with a tram. Frida was very seriously injured in the accident, which resulted in the death of a large number of passengers. A thick metal rod attached to the passengers entered Kahlo's body through her stomach and came out, injuring her lumbar vertebrae. He also suffered a dislocation of the shoulder joint, fractures to some ribs and his right leg. Frida, who was thought to have no chance of living, was not even paid attention after the accident. Regarding the accident, Frida would later say: In my time, buses were not reliable at all; they had just come into use and were very much in demand. The trams were empty. I took the bus with Alejandro Gomez Arias... A short time later, the bus and the train of the Xochimilo line collided. It was a strange collision; it was not violent, it was heavy and slow, it shook everyone. It shook me even more. We took another bus first. But seeing that I had forgotten my little umbrella, we got down to look for it, so we got on the bus that wrecked me. The accident happened at an intersection... It's not true that a person realizes a collision, cries. Not a drop of tears came out of my eyes, and the iron rod pierced me like a sword pierces a bull.

When the ambulance arrived and he was taken to the Red Cross hospital, it turned out that his spine was broken from three points in the lumbar region, his collarbone and his third and fourth ribs were also broken. Frida's right leg was broken and crushed in eleven places, her left shoulder was dislocated, and her pelvis was broken in three places. The steel rod had entered from the left side of her abdomen and exited her genitals, and doctors even doubted that she could live. They had to deconstruct it piece by piece. It was believed that Frida, who was discharged from the hospital exactly a month later, on October 17, 1925, could be bedridden for many months. Frida's life, which did not reflect this despite suffering great pain, was decked out between corsets, hospitals and doctors. There was a constant pain in his spine and right leg. Frida, who had been operated on 32 times, had her right leg amputated due to gangrene, crippled by polio in 1954. His father, a photographer, was getting worse and worse every day. Frida's father, who had difficulty meeting the maintenance costs, had found the solution in selling the valuables of the house. Only his piano and books, to which he was passionately attached, remained, and during this period Mr. Kahlo's crises with sara also became frequent.

Making a stylish cot with his own hands for his daughter, who spends the whole day in bed, Mr. Kahlo was doing his best to bring Frida to life. His mother Mathilde had hung a mirror on the ceiling so that Frida could watch herself. But Frida, who gave her first reaction in horror when confronted with her shattered body and herself, began to depict the person in the mirror. In order to cope with her pains, Frida, who began to paint constantly, gave her first portrait as a gift to her first love, Alejandro. However, their relationship had ended. Frida, who started painting with the encouragement of her parents, painted many self-portraits. Now that he was starting to recover, painting had been a big motivation for him. Kahlo, who started to walk at the end of 1927, began to establish close relations with art and politics circles during this period. The Cuban leader Julio Antonio Mella and photographer Tina Modotti were two of these names. Together they went to invitations, participated in discussions of socialists, and Kahlo became a member of the Communist Party of Mexico in 1929.

Kahlo, who continues her painting studies, is a famous painter who follows her works and is referred to as Michalangelo of Mexico.

He also wanted to meet Diego Rivera. Curious about Rivera's idea for her own paintings, Frida fell in love with him when he visited the famous painter, and the two artists entered the world house on August 21, 1929. About this marriage, Frida wrote in her diary: I fell in love with Diego, my parents never liked it, because Diego was a communist, and our parents compared him to a very, very fat Breughel. They said it was like marrying an elephant and a white dove. Despite everything, we got married on August 21, 1929. Diego; 'Keep in mind that my daughter is ill and will have health problems throughout her life. She's smart, but she's not pretty. Keep this in mind. If you want to marry her after all, I give my consent'year no one came to the wedding except my father.

Although Frida became pregnant during the first year of their marriage, she had the baby removed due to her problems with Rivera. the couple, who went to America in 1930, would live there until they ran out of mural orders Rivera had received. Frida, who had 2 miscarriages in a row, also found out that Rivera had other relationships, and the couple ended their marriage, which dec quite stormy, in 1939. However, a year later, in 1940, they remarried and settled in the Blue House, where Frida's childhood passed. During this period, Kahlo opened an exhibition in New York with the support of her friend Andre Breton, one of the leading figures of surrealist painting, and the famous actor Edward G. In this exhibition, half of her paintings were sold. Robinson bought four paintings by Kahlo. Having gained international fame with this exhibition, Frida opened an exhibition in Paris in 1939. At the exhibition, where artists such as Picasso and Kandinsky showed great interest; the Louvre Museum acquired the artist's painting frame.

During Frida's marriage, she had relationships with other men. Frida, who was with Lev Trotsky, one of the leading figures of the Russian revolution, had ended this union after Trotsky's wife noticed this relationship. After the assassination of Trotsky, Frida was questioned because she was a friend of the painter Siqueiros and left Mexico to live with her ex-husband Rivera, who was in San Francisco. Despite all the problems they had for Frida, Diego's meaning was great, she wrote the following about her husband: The beginning is Diego ... Diego is constructive ... My child Diego..The painter is Diego ... My father is Diego ... My son Diego...My darling Diego ... My husband is Diego... My friend Diego ... My mother is Diego... It's Diego...Evren Diego

Frida, whose health often deteriorates, paints with all her might, the interest in her works excited her very much. However, the artist, upset that he had no children, was feeding pets. he signed his works "Me and My Parrots" in 1941 and "Self-Portrait with Monkeys" in 1953, and started teaching at an art school called "La Esmeralda" in the same year. Despite her deteriorating health, Frida continued to teach, and in 1950 she had to stay in hospital for nine months due to the surgeries she had before. Frida opened her first solo exhibition in her native Mexico in 1953. July of the same year, Frida's life full of successes and suffering, which was interrupted by her right leg, ended on July 13, 1954 due to pulmonary embolism. The last work that the artist completed before his death was a still life work called "Long Live Life".