Biography of Henri Matisse.

  • Birth Date : 1869-12-31
  • Death Date : 1954-11-02
  • Birth Place: Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France
  • Death Place: Nice, France
  • Occupation : Painter
  • Gender : Male

Henri Matisse

The French painter Henri Matisse is the founder of the fauvism movement.

Henri Matisse was born on December 31, 1869 in France, the son of a grain merchant. His full name is Henri Émile Benoît Matisse. He stayed in Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France, until he finished high school, then went to Paris to study law. After studying for a year from 1887 to 1888, the next dec he returned to his native city as a court clerk and had nothing to do with painting until he was 21.

In 1890, when he was 21 years old, he suffered from a severe illness, and his mother gave him a set of oil paintings to linger at home while he was recovering. He really liked painting and took lessons from art lovers. in 1891, he went to Paris to force his father to agree and study painting. First he entered the Julian Academy, in 1892 he attended the night courses of the School of Decorative Art and became friends with the painter Albert Marquet.

In 1895, Gustave Moreau became interested in Matisse's work and invited him to his workshop, where talents such as Pouault, Desvallieres, Piot, Evenepoel, Camoin, Manguin, Flandrin and Linaret continued. Here he found the opportunity to develop his art.

He exhibited his first works in 1896 and 1897. These were timid attempts. He was the guest of John Russel, a friend of the impressionist painters who spent the first summer on the island of Belle-Île; meanwhile, he dec Rodin and Pissarro, one of Russel's friends.

Henri Matisse, who married in January 1898, went to London the same year to see the painter Turner. He then stayed in Corsica and the city of Toulouse. before the end of 1898, he returned to Paris, where, despite financial difficulties, he continued his research alone, without getting caught up in any current. Attending an Art Academy on the Rue de Rennes, he engaged in work on the figure. Here he met such painters as Derain and Jean Puy. He performed sculptural works under the auspices of Barye and Rodin.

Since 1901, he has sent his works to the "Independents Exhibition" every year and to the "Autumn Exhibition" since 1903, when it was established. in 1904, the merchant of paintings opened a special exhibition at Vollard's salons. Meeting Signac and Cross in Saint-Tropez, Matisse adopted their punctuation style and became the big star of the exhibition "fovists".

In 1906, he sent his painting "The Joy of Living" to the Independents Exhibition, then opened another special exhibition at the Druet Hall; he worked on engraving and stone printing. The collector of paintings met and met his young rival Pablo Picasso at the house of the Stein brothers.

Matisse traveled frequently, going to Algeria in 1906, Italy in 1907, Germany in 1908 and 1909, Spain in 1910, Moscow in 1911 and Morocco in 1912-1913. Having felt his power in all art circles, Matisse opened a private Academy (which he closed in 1911) in 1908. in 1909, he settled in Issy-les-Moulineaux, outside Paris. It was here that most of the paintings he made until 1917 were bought by amateur Russian collectors Sciukine and Morosov.

In 1917, he went to Marseille with his friend Albert Marquet, passed from there to Nis and encountered a paradise of light and color that he had always dreamed of. Then, in 1921, he settled on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, without disturbing his home in Paris, and spent the second half of his life in great tranquility and prosperity. He had again become addicted to travel: he went to England in 1920, to Italy in 1925 and 1930, to America in 1930 and 1933, and also passed through the Polynesian islands. And then he went on a world tour. From 1930 to 1934, he made murals for the Burnes collection in Pennsylvania. dec.

In 1920 and in 1939 she painted ballets, decor and dresses. Later he was engaged in the construction of the Dominiken Church in Vence.

Henri Matisse married Amelia Parayre, who modeled for him, in 1898. they separated in 1939. he has 1 daughter, 2 sons.

Henri Matisse died at the age of 85 on November 2, 1954 on the Cimiez Hill near Nice, France.

Today, Matisse is mentioned as the founder of modern painting together with Pablo Picasso; Picasso was a pioneer with the innovation he brought to the format, while Matisse is a pioneer with the freedom of colors he added.