Biography of Leonardo Da Vinci.

  • Birth Date : 1452-04-15
  • Death Date : 1519-05-02
  • Birth Place: Florence, Italy
  • Death Place: Amboise, Italy
  • Occupation : Mathematician, Architect, Inventor, Musician, Painter
  • Gender : Male

Leonardo Da Vinci

He is the greatest representative of perfection and the cutting edge of human intelligence ever, a multi-faceted artist, an inventor who has left his mark on the centuries, a sculptor, an architect, an engineer, the greatest painter of the Italian Renaissance...

Leonardo Da Vinci, one of the greatest forces of the Italian Renaissance and humanism, was born in 1452 in the town of Vinci, which is named after his family. His father was the lawyer Ser Piero Antonio da Vinci, Leonardo's mother could not marry him because he did not come from a noble family, and Leonardo was born out of wedlock. Leonardo was brought up in his father's house, as his mother Catarina later married another man.

Leonardo progressed quickly enough in his early years of study to surprise his teachers in arithmetic and geometry with the questions he asked. His sharp intellect and abilities attracted attention even at a very young age. He was also interested in music and played lute quite well. But the most favorite occupation in his childhood was painting. When his father realized this talent, he gave him to the education of Andrea del Verrocchio, who was at the head of one of the most important workshops in Florence and was originally a master jeweler. Here he studied art extremely extensively with Sandro Botticelli, Pietro Perugino, Lorenzo di Credi, Francesco di Simone, Francesco Botticini and Biagio d'Antonio. Leonardo gained basic knowledge in drawing, architecture and sculpture, as well as optics, botany and music from the 'polytechnic laboratory', which provided an unorthodox education that he continued between 1469 and 1476. dec. (Leonardo's famous Arno Landscape, the Worship of Ascetic Kings and the sketch of St. Hieronymus, as well as several paintings belong to this period.) One of the angels in Andrea del Verrocchio's painting "The Baptism of Jesus" is thought to have belonged to Leonardo.

in June 1472, his name was entered into the register of the Florentine painters' guild as an independent painter, Lyonardo di Ser Piero da Vinci. he worked independently, without a famous and wealthy patron, until 1482. He studied not only the subjects of painting and sculpture of his choice, but also became the first painter to take his examples from nature. He was the first painter to realize the effects of light and shadow by going quite far from the form and color studies of the old understanding of painting. He examined the variability of color with perspective. But he was not content with just seeing the properties of light, he studied the physical structure of the eye with his insatiable curiosity for information, studied optics and wave movements. Not content with this, Leonardo studied the structure of the animal and human body, and adele studied the rules of their movement. If we add that he also pioneered these sciences by studying physiology and botany for the first time, it october be understood what a versatile intelligence he is.

in 1482, Leonardo went to Milan. Ludovico Sforza was managing Milan at the time. Leonardo offered to serve her by writing her an intriguing letter. He put forward nine new ideas that were his own invention in military service and war management, and summarized his tenth idea as follows; "10. In peacetime, I had access to masters in architecture, erecting buildings and building waterways. I can sculpt sculptures from marble, bronze or brick. And painting is my profession; I can do it as well as any man who fulfills his profession can do it. In addition, I can make a monument that will immortalize the memory of your father.

Leonardo took his horse-sized lute with him on his way to Milan, and when he played in front of the Duke, he overpowered all the musicians. He was also the best unprepared poetry-teller of his time. The duke was immediately attracted by the charm of this young Florentine painter and accepted his offer. Thus, he made her live and work in Milan for seventeen years.

He revealed his genius through his various works. Ludovico also knew how to evaluate his personality as well as his art. Leonardo was also the head of all palace entertainment and shows. He wrote satires, allegories and songs, and was also engaged in his own tasks. He was able to perform this intense work pace with his own sleeping pattern. He had developed an efficient work system, sleeping only 15 minutes at any time of the day. an epidemic in Milan in 1485 gave Leonardo the idea to rebuild the city with a sanitary order. He drew up the plans and presented them to Ludovico. The following year, he drew up plans for the Milan cathedral. In the meantime, he was working on geometry, astronomy, energy and deconstruction, and in his spare time he was preparing a model of Francesco Sforza's sculpture on a horse. After many years of work, he completed the 80-meter sculpture and exhibited it in Milan. But this giant statue could not be cast in bronze, and six years later, when Milan was attacked by the French, it was the target of arrows and destroyed.

Leonardo Da Vinci drew up plans for a network of waterways that would cover the Lombardy plain from head to toe in 1494 and made observations on lightning and thunderstorms. The painter Leonardo finished the painting "Madonna" and in the same year began the painting "The Last Meal", the most famous of his paintings. This painting was made on the wall of the monastery of Santa Maria delle Grazie, but the tempera paint did not fit the plaster, and the plaster did not fit the wall, it soon began to fall apart and deteriorate. The painting, called The Last Meal, is one of the greatest works of art in the world, despite its degraded condition. Described as the first major work of the Renaissance to reach perfection and the most perfect composition in the history of painting of all ages, this work can only match the inspiration of its creator with its flawless technique. There are numerous interior decoupage and portrait works by Leonardo during the Milan period, among them the painting "The Virgin of the Rocks".

Leonardo da Vinci, The Last Supper, 1495-1498

When Ludovico withdrew from the dukedom, Leonardo left Milan at the end of 1499 and went to Venice. In Venice, Duchess Isabella Gonzaga received him extremely well. Leonardo, who made a chalk portrait of the Duchess, promised to turn it into a painting later, but science was attracting Leonardo with more and more power, and he devoted a very large part of his time to mathematics and engineering. Leonardo's interest in architectural and military engineering also determined his trips and activities. After the fall of the duchy, he had the opportunity to put his knowledge of war machines, cannons, transport and siege equipment into practice when he went to Venice in the capacity of military adviser to the Republic. Leonardo, as a military engineer, developed the concepts of Brunelleschi, Taccola, Francesco di Gorgio and Valturio. After the advent of firearms, he designed weapons that could be used on land and at sea, and demonstrated the effects of these weapons with ballistic experiments. Leonardo's other military designs also included multi-barreled cannons, decommissioning mechanisms and explosives. In addition, Leonardo is the designer of the scissors as we use them today.

in April 1500, he sailed for Florence. Now he was becoming interested in geography, doing research on med and jazir in the Caspian Sea, writing articles. At the same time, he was preparing plans for the channelization of the Arno River and working on other road and bridge construction projects. Even among these designs, the Ottoman Sultan II decamped in 1502. There is also a bridge that he presented to Bayezid and designed for the Golden Horn. But it was not accepted. This design was later made in Norway in 2001.- During this period, Soderini offered Leonardo a marble block to sculpt, but he turned it down because he didn't have time for it. This marble was later given to Michelangelo Buonarroti, a contemporary of Leonardo, to make the statue of David.

Michelangelo Buonarroti did not like Leonardo. When they met one day on the road, Michelangelo Buonarroti called him " The horse painter! You couldn't even cast a statue in bronze and you were left in shame." it is rumored that he shouted.

Leonardo, who entered the service of Cesare Borgia in 1502, traveled all over central Italy as chief engineer, and six flawless and detailed maps that he made during these journeys are stored today in the Windsor Palace Library. Returning to Florence soon after, Leonardo was tasked with preparing a draft of a war picture for the meeting room of a Florentine nobleman's palace. With the change of Leonardo, this war painting, which was an animal madness, won the admiration and praise of all the painters. The effects that Leonardo left on young artists such as Raffaello Santi became great and lasting. It was during this period that Leonardo was working on his famous painting "Mona Lisa". the portrait of a woman in this painting, completed in 1506, has become famous for its smile, strangeness and strength of meaning. Tue, the portrait of a woman in this painting was completed in 1506.

In the same year he went once more to Milan, and remained there until his fame reached as far as France from there. in 1514, King Louis I of France. Accepting Fransuva's offer, he settled in the ch√Ęteau of Cloux near Ambois. He also lived here until 1519, when he died.

In addition to his outstanding paintings and sculptures, Leonardo, who deserved the title of the greatest person and the greatest intelligence of the centuries with his writings and sketches in notebooks, drew a sketch of an airplane in those times, studied the use of steam, and also drew diagrams of a steam cannon and a wheel on ships.

Be the creator of hydraulic science and the finder of the darkroom in the picture shoot. Leonardo, who has extensive knowledge of the molecular structure of water, sound and light waves, is also the first to work on the structure and arrangement of flowers and sprouts.