Biography of Paul Cézanne.

  • Birth Date : 1839-01-19
  • Death Date : 1906-10-22
  • Birth Place: Aix-en-Provence, France
  • Death Place: Aix-en-Provence, France
  • Occupation : Painter
  • Gender : Male

Paul Cézanne

Paul Cézanne, 20, who tuesday a reputation as one of the first great painters to develop the impressionist style. the century of the French painter. By breaking down the restrictive counter-formalism of Impressionism, it laid the groundwork for the birth of Cubism.

Paul Cézanne was born on January 19, 1839 in Aix-en-Provence. Her father was Louis-Auguste Cézanne, a carpet fabricator, and her mother was a working girl who worked in the same business. Louise-Auguste was soon thrown into banking as a rich person.

Paul was born in 1849, first in St. He was sent to the Joseph school, then in 1852 to the Bourbon College in Aix. Latin Greek, History and Mathematics Paul was a fairly bright student, receiving prizes in ancient Greek, Latin, History and Mathematics classes.

The pressure of her father, who had a very strong and overwhelming personality, always made her feel over most of Cézanne's life. Despite his fondness for painting, he left the Aix School of Painting, which he entered in 1856, at the urging of his father, after two years, and entered the Aix Law School.

Cézanne was seen as someone who fled from society, sullen, ambitious, and at times had tantrums of anger and despair. During this period, despite everything, he had two close friends, one of whom was a young man named Emile Zola, who would later become famous as a famous realist writer, and the other was a teenager named Baptistin Baillle, who later became an engineer. The three friends were spending most of their time in the countryside around Aix, mountaineering, swimming and hunting. They also talked about poetry and painting, enjoyed the bohemian life. In the life and art of Cézanne, this period was quite influential.

After breaking down her father's pressure as a result of the hard struggle she had given, Cézanne moved to Paris in May 1861 to study painting. He entered the Académie Suisse, a kind of art school, but as a result of the failures and discouragements he experienced, he returned to his father's business in Aix after six months. However, unable to withstand this any longer, he returned to Paris to the academy in November 1862. He met many young painters who were preparing the art of painting of the future, among them Camille Pissarro, who would impress him dec in the future.

Tuesday January 1862, Cézanne began a relationship with a woman named Hortense Fiquet, who became famous for her beauty and was engaged in nude modeling, and they had a child named Paul from her. He lived in fear, thinking that his father would find out that he had a mistress and get angry out of anger. The fear and hatred that Cézanne harbored towards her father deeply affected her life and human relationships. He could not easily relate to people, even said to himself: " I was created to be on my own. That way, at least no one can hook me up." In this sentence, he briefly describes his personality: he was wearing a shell that protected him with his harsh, rude, knowingly rude behavior. The only person he trusted in life was his mother, who was a decoy in his quarrels with his father.

Cézanne was sending his works to the "Salon" exhibition, which opens annually in Paris. But, except once, his works were not accepted for exhibition. According to one of the rules of admission to the Salon, each jury member could take a painting by one of his students to the exhibition. Guillemet, one of Cézanne's close friends, took advantage of this rule and had a painting by Cézanne accepted for exhibition. Cézanne was not alone in his distaste for the "Salon". in 1863, so many artists opposed the preliminary judgments of the jury that the Emperor organized an exhibition for artists whose works were rejected, which was called the "Exhibition of the Rejected". Cézanne also participated in this exhibition.

Pissarro had a great influence on Cézanne's art. Due to this influence, he moved away from his dramatic style, which was initially caused by his melancholic and introverted lifestyle, and began to make paintings on the theme of a country landscape. This became a turning point in his artistic life, and he turned to landscape, dead nature and portrait drawing, which provided him with his present fame. Some of the most important works of this period are Olympia (1873), The House of the Hanged Man (1873, Louvre Museum, Paris), Poplars (1879-82) and Maincy Bridge (1879, Louvre). His technique, like his subjects, has softened, abandoning dull colors and hard brush strokes, turning to light-toned colors and light brush strokes.

Cézanne also participated in the first exhibition organized by Impressionist painters (1874) with three paintings. At the second exhibition (1877), he had seventeen paintings, but both times his art was not understood and his works were met with ridicule.

Finally, in 1900, a painting of him, which was included in an exhibition in Paris, was purchased by the National Gallery in Berlin. But his main great victory was won in 1904, when his paintings were exhibited in the largest room of the Autumn Salon in Paris.

Although Cézanne was not appreciated while he was alive, he considered himself the greatest painter of his era.

In his last years, the artist boldly took forward the questioning of the painting of that period, removed the element of depth from his painting and turned to the search for a geometric style. This approach of his became the starting point for fauvism and cubism, which are considered the first currents of modern art, and Cézanne is considered the father of modern art. Picasso's painting Young Girls from Avignon, which debuted in cubism, shows the effects of Cezanne's painting Les Grandes Baigneuses-Bathing Women (1902-06).

Cézanne was 67 years old when he died on October 22, 1906. While on his way to make a landscape painting in Aix, he got caught in heavy rain and fell ill and died of pneumonia. He was buried in the cemetery of Aix-en-Provence.