Biography of Paul Gauguin.

  • Birth Date : 1848-06-07
  • Death Date : 1903-05-08
  • Birth Place: Paris, France
  • Death Place: Tahiti
  • Occupation : Painter
  • Gender : Male

Paul Gauguin

One of the pioneers of the post-impressionist movement, the founder of synthetism is a French painter. He spent most of his life away from his country of France in the peoples called barbarians of Europe and gave a new direction to the art of the 20th century by moving the primitive art he encountered here to Europe.

The French impressionist painter Paul Gauguin was born in Paris on June 7, 1848, the son of a family with roots in Spain and Peru. Her father, Clovis Gauguin, was a reporter, and her mother, Aline Maria Chazal, was the daughter of Flora Tristan, one of the famous writers of her era, one of the founders of socialist feminism, who devoted her life to ensuring the rights of women and workers. In France, III. When the coup d'état led by Napoleon broke out, the family set out to move to Peru in 1851. However, the untimely death of father Clovis Gauguin during the trip left the family in a rather difficult situation. All alone with her two children, Aline Maria took refuge in Lima, the capital of Peru.

returning to France again with his mother in 1855, Paul began school in the city of Orleans. His passion for travel, which he would pursue throughout his life, first manifested itself in these years. When he was only sixteen, he secretly boarded a freighter and spent 6 years on distant seas, joining the navy. in 1871, when he set foot on land again and returned home, he learned that his mother had died. Deciding that he should now live a regular life, he became a stockbroker. Immediately afterwards, he married a girl of Danish descent named Mette Gad. The couple had five children. Meanwhile, Dec was buying and selling paintings by Parisian impressionist painters, getting to know the bohemian life of Paris. He was also interested in painting himself, but from his busy work and family life, he could only find time to paint on weekends. Gauguin, who mostly made nature paintings and child portraits, sent a painting of him to the 'Salon' exhibition held in 1976. Gauguin, whose work was highly appreciated, met Pissarro, who became the head of the impressionist group in the same year. Finally, in 1883, he made a big decision and completely gave himself up banking, which was not suitable for his nature, at the age of 35, he gave himself up to painting. But soon problems and conflicts began in the family, which suffered from serious financial difficulties due to the fact that he left his job. Soon the painter's wife, who could not keep up with the new bohemian life, moved in with her family living in Copenhagen, taking their children with her. Although Gauguin followed them in turn, he couldn't manage to live there and took his 9-year-old son Clavis with him and returned to Paris. However, she could not earn enough money to take care of her son, so in the end she had to send him to her mother's side as well.

During this period, he made many paintings influenced by Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley and Pissarro, among other Impressionist painters. he participated in four of the decressionist exhibitions held between 1880 and 1886. in 1886, he settled in the Pont-Aven region of northern France, both because of a lack of livelihood and to escape the crowds and noise of the big city. Here he created many important works, such as giving himself completely to painting. The painter Pont Aven, whose paintings deal with peasant portraits and village life, developed a new style together with the young artist Emile Bernard, which they called synthetism.

However, his passion for adventure flared up again, and the painter went to Panama with a sudden decision in 1887. At that time he worked on the construction of the Panama Canal, which was just opening. His only hope was to collect the necessary money and continue his journey, but when he contracted a terrible fever in Martinique, he had to return to France.

He suffered a few months of misery in Paris. However, with the help of an old friend, he was able to sell several of his paintings and went to Port-Aven again. The works he created here reveal Gauguin's understanding of art. His interest in folk art and primitive art, as well as the new approaches he developed in his style, led him away from impressionism.

in 1888, he went to Arles and started working under Vincent Van Gogh, whom he met while he was in Paris. The duo went on long country trips where they spent time painting all day. However, when the discussions between them reached the final point, he decamped.

He had become a well-known and well-cared-for person in art circles in Paris. However, feeling an irresistible craving for distant worlds again, he left France in 1891 to go to Tahiti.

He was living in Tahiti, away from civilization, intertwined with the locals, painting them. The artist, who also approached post-impressionism in his own way, made his most recognizable works here. Although he returned to Paris in July 1883, he felt a great desire to return to Tahiti and came back here two years later. During his stay here, he said, "Where are we coming from? Who are we? Where Are We Going? in his painting " " (1897), the artist questioned the origin of life, the meaning of love and death. He was also influenced by the primitive art here and produced many wooden sculptures.

20. Paul Gauguin, who deeply influenced the art of the century, died of syphilis in Tahiti in 1903 before he could return to his country.


Sewing Nudes, 1880
The Sleeping Child, 1884
Profile and Still Life of Charles Laval, 1886
Portrait of Madeleine Bernard, 1888
Self-portrait "Les Miserables", 1888
Madame Roulin, 1888
Van Gogh Paints Sunflowers, 1888
Cafe in Arles, 1888
The Schuffenecker Family, 1889
Portrait of Two Children (Paul and Jean Schuffenecker), 1889
La Belle Angèle, 1889
Self-Portrait, 1889
Jesus is in the Olive Grove, 1889
“Nirvana"- Portrait of Meyer de Haan, 1890
Self-Portrait of Jesus in Yellow, 1890
Dinner, 1891
Te Faaturama (Thinking Woman), 1891
Nafea Faa Ipoipo? (When Are You Going to Marry Me?), 1892
Two Women On The Beach, 1891
Aha oe Feii? (What! Are you jealous?), 1892
Vahine No te Vi (The Girl with the Mango), 1892
Merahi Metua no Tehamana (Tehemana Has Many Ancestors), 1893
Eh haere ia oe? (Where Are You Going?), 1893
The Old Man with the Cane, 1893
Self-Portrait with a Hat, 1893-1894
Portrait of Annah of Java, 1893
The Praying Breton Woman, 1894
Wild Poems, 1896
Portrait of the artist Dedicated to his friend Daniel, 1896
Vairumuti, 1897
“Where Are We Coming From? What are they? Where Are We Going? - Old Woman and Young Woman - Detail, 1897
The Three Tahitians, 1898
Tahitian Woman and Boy, 1899
The Gold of Their Bodies, 1901
The Woman with the Fan, 1902
Primitive Stories, 1902
Self-Portrait, 1903